US Open Government Data
Law & History
The U.S. Open Government Data Act is a legislation that was passed to promote transparency, accountability, and accessibility of government data in the United States. It was signed into law on January 14, 2019, as part of the Foundations for Evidence-Based Policymaking Act.
The act requires federal agencies to make their data assets available to the public in a machine-readable format that is easily accessible and usable. It emphasizes the importance of data-driven decision-making and encourages the use of data for evidence-based policymaking, research, and innovation.
Key provisions of the U.S. Open Government Data Act include:
Open Data Standards: The act requires federal agencies to establish and maintain comprehensive data inventories, ensuring that data is accurate, up-to-date, and publicly accessible.
Data Catalogs: Agencies are mandated to create and maintain a publicly available catalog of their data assets. This catalog serves as a centralized resource where individuals and organizations can discover and access government data.
Chief Data Officers: The act establishes the role of Chief Data Officers (CDOs) within federal agencies. CDOs are responsible for overseeing data management, ensuring data quality, and promoting data sharing and transparency.
Privacy and Security: The act emphasizes the importance of safeguarding personal privacy and ensuring the security of sensitive government data. It requires agencies to implement measures to protect against unauthorized access or disclosure of data.
Collaboration and Engagement: The act encourages collaboration between agencies, academia, industry, and the public to foster innovation and maximize the value of government data. It promotes partnerships and initiatives to enhance data sharing and interoperability.
Overall, the U.S. Open Government Data Act aims to establish a culture of openness and data-driven decision-making within the federal government. By making government data more accessible and usable, it seeks to empower individuals, businesses, researchers, and policymakers to leverage data for the benefit of society, innovation and informed decision-making.
Timeline of Data.Gov
January 21, 2009
Presidential Memorandum on Transparency and Open Government.
May 21, 2009
GSA launches Data.gov
December 8, 2009
Open Government Directive requiring agencies to post high-value datasets on Data.gov
June 11, 2012
U.S. and India launch Open Government Platform (open source package for government open data sites)
May 9, 2013
Open Data Executive Order
May 9, 2013
Open Data Policy
Data.gov team begins working in the open on GitHub
Launch of Project Open Data on GitHub
December 10, 2016
Senate passes OPEN Government Data Act
December 21, 2018
OPEN Government Data Act, incorporated into Foundations for Evidence-Based Policymaking Act passes both Houses of Congress
January 14, 2019
OPEN Government Data Act signed into law (Data.gov required by statute)
Launch of resources.data.gov
Improved inventory.data.gov launched (metadata management tool)
Data.gov catalog running updated CKAN
Completion of migration of Data.gov to Cloud.gov infrastructure
March 30, 2023
Launch of redesigned Data.gov home page